Journal of Berry Research - Volume Pre-press, issue Pre-press
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Impact Factor 2022: 2.156
The main objective of the
Journal of Berry Research is to improve the knowledge about quality and production of berries to benefit health of the consumers and maintain profitable production using sustainable systems.
The objective will be achieved by focusing on four main areas of research and development:
1. From genetics to variety evaluation
2. Nursery production systems and plant quality control
3. Plant physiology, biochemistry and molecular biology, as well as cultural management
4. Health for the consumer: components and factors affecting berries' nutritional value
Specifically, the journal will cover berries (strawberry, raspberry, blackberry, blueberry, cranberry currants, etc.), as well as grapes and small soft fruit in general (e.g., kiwi fruit). It will publish research results covering all areas of plant breeding, including plant genetics, genomics, functional genomics, proteomics and metabolomics, plant physiology, plant pathology and plant development, as well as results dealing with the chemistry and biochemistry of bioactive compounds contained in such fruits and their possible role in human health. Contributions detailing possible pharmacological, medical or therapeutic use or dietary significance will be welcomed in addition to studies regarding biosafety issues of genetically modified plants.
Journal of Berry Research will feature reviews, research articles, brief communications, position papers, letters and patent updates.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Blueberry production has generated great commercial expectations, therefore for its agricultural expansion it is necessary to overcome the challenges at the time of mass propagation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effect of a set of factors influencing micropropagation, as well as the influence of substrates on the ex vitro morpho-physiological performance of blueberry seedlings. METHODS: A set of protocols were developed to optimize all stages of micropropagation (aseptic establishment, multiplication, rooting, and acclimatization) of blueberries. RESULTS: Explants immersed in 1.5% NaClO for 8 min and then in 0.1% HgCl2 for 2 min achieved 100%…sterility and a viability rate of 86.67% for ‘Biloxi’ and 93.33% for ‘Bluecrop’. At the multiplication stage, the maximum number of shoots of ‘Biloxi’ (3.53) and ‘Bluecrop’ (2.27) were obtained on the medium supplemented with 0.2 and 10 mg L–1 silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), respectively. The percentage of in vitro rooting was significantly improved on media containing activated charcoal, with levels between 80% and 100% . In the acclimatization phase, plants grown in a substrate composed of peat and cocomix® (2:1 ratio) showed greater uniformity and better morpho-physiological behavior. CONCLUSIONS: The present results could be successfully used for large-scale commercial production of blueberries of the varieties ‘Biloxi’ and ‘Bluecrop’.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: As the interest in foods with positive effects on human health has increased in recent decades, the importance of the mineral contents and oil compositions of grape seeds has been better understood. However, research on grape seeds to date has largely focused on effects on health and the usability of grape seeds in the food industry and animal feeds. In agricultural research, grape seeds have generally been evaluated as a source of genes in breeding new varieties and as propagation material. OBJECTIVE: Unlike previous studies, this study not only investigates the effect of variety on the changes…of pomological properties, fatty acid compositions, and oil, protein, and mineral contents of grape seeds; it also aims to determine the effects of grape rootstocks and growing seasons on those changes. METHODS: The seeds of five grape varieties (Red Globe, Trakya Ilkeren, Ata Sarisi, Hatun Parmagi, and Horoz Karasi) grafted onto drought-tolerant grape rootstocks (1103P and 110R) were analyzed during the growing seasons of 2017 and 2018. RESULTS: Seed size, moisture and oil contents, major fatty acids (palmitic, oleic, and linoleic), and levels of saturated fatty acids, monounsaturated fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acids, and boron varied by variety, rootstock, and season. However, the effects of growing seasons and varieties on the seeds were not limited to these findings; effects were also seen for seed vitality, protein content, and N, K, Ca, and Fe levels of the seeds, among others. CONCLUSIONS: Genotype was found to be the main factor causing changes in the fatty acid compositions and mineral contents of grape seeds. When the factors that we investigated were ordered based on the changes they caused for seeds in general, the sequence that appeared was genotype > growing season > grape rootstock.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Abundant germplasm resources of Vaccinium uliginosum are present in Changbai Mountain in China, which have considerable research and development value. They include the naturally distributed alpine V. uliginosum , the white-fruited V. uliginosum variety, and various fruit shapes dominated by ellipses. However, the relevant research is limited, and the taxonomic status of various specific germplasm resources has not been addressed. OBJECTIVE: The genetic relationship and taxonomic status of four species of V. uliginosum germplasm resources in Changbai Mountain were investigated. METHODS: The chloroplast mat K gene and SRAP molecular markers of 94…V. uliginosum samples were analyzed. RESULTS: According to the analysis of chloroplast mat K gene, all four types were divided into three branches. The results showed low variation among natural samples of V. uliginosum in China and a relationship between haplotype distribution and geographical distribution. The results of the SRAP molecular marker analysis divided the V. uliginosum population into five branches. The multiple individuals of the same trait were clustered together, and different partial samples were clustered together. CONCLUSIONS: Diploid alpine V. uliginosum and tetraploid V. uliginosum were identified as two subspecies of V. uliginosum . The elliptical fruit shapewas the variant of tetraploid round blue fruit V. uliginosum , and the white-fruited V. uliginosum variety is a variant.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: There is consumer interest in berries due to their nutritional properties, especially biologically active compounds. Spray drying technologies improve products stability and shelf life, and the agglomeration process subsequently enhances powder instantaneousness and flow properties. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the effect of the fluidized bed agglomeration process on flow, reconstitution, and antioxidant properties of cape gooseberry, strawberry, and blackberry powder mix obtained by spray drying and a water and vitamin C binding solution. METHODS: A face-centered central composite design with 15 experiments was used; independent variables were fluidization temperature (T), binder solution atomization…pressure (P), and process time (t), while dependent variables were moisture, solubility, wettability, particle size, antioxidant capacity, total phenols, Vit. C, β-carotenes (β-car), and total anthocyanins. RESULTS: The best process conditions from experimental optimization were T = 70 °C, P = 1.1 bar, and t = 29.1 min. This agglomerated product had low moisture values, good solubility, and 0.5 min wettability; the values for Vit. C = 246.4±3.4 mg/100 g db, β-car = 4.0±0.5 mg/100 g db, and total anthocyanins = 230.7±3.0 mg C3G/100 g db were noteworthy. CONCLUSIONS: An agglomerate berry-based powder product was obtained with 100% Vit. C RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances) and 15% vitamin A RDA. Flow and instantaneousness properties of the agglomerated powder also significantly improved with the applied process.
Abstract: Blueberries, strawberries and raspberries are soft fruits marketed worldwide, with unique sensory, nutritional and biological properties. This bibliometric comparative analysis aims to analyse the published scientific research in order to provide a valuable and important reference for berry growers, the fruit industry, health personnel and scientists in berry research communities. The Scopus database was utilised for bibliometric analysis of scientific articles on blueberry, raspberry and strawberry fruits published in English in the last decade (2012 to 2021). The publishing trends in blueberry, raspberry, and strawberry research were increased, with strawberry research showing the most significant increase. The top country and…institutions researching the three berries were in the United States, followed by China. The top journal was Hortscience for blueberries and Scientia Horticulturae for raspberry and strawberry. The top authors were Drummond FA, Stoner GD and Peres NA for blueberry, raspberry and strawberry, respectively. The most frequent keywords concerning these berries were analyzed and clustered in thematic groups. Core keywords related to functional foods, medicinal properties, as well as fruit quality and gene expression themes were identified. Apart from medicinal and fruit quality themes, the biological control theme was also identified to be relevant in future research.